The difference between PCOD and PCOS Polycystic ovarian syndrome was first described as a hormonal disorder that affects premenopausal women and can lead to infertility. The main clinical features are:
- Thick and thick ovaries with cysts
- Absence of rules
- Excessive production of steroid hormones,
- Skin pigmentation
- Skin labels
- Pelvic pain
- Sleep apnea
- Excessive hair growth
- Although symptoms may vary from patient to patient, not all symptoms will occur in all patients, making diagnosis more difficult.
In PCOS, the egg does not grow in the ovaries. Many follicles formed and matured to develop ulcers. Pelvic pain may occur due to abnormal cystic tissue inflammation.
Causes of PCOD
Abnormal skin pigmentation is to increase levels of insulin in the blood. Skin infiltration, and pigmentation. It is behind the neck and in the folds of the skin. It is a symptom of insulin resistance that is common in people with PCOS, especially when obesity is a factor.
PCOS is diagnosed researching blood levels follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH) and testosterone. FSH must be normal or lower than usual.
The relevant range depends on the phase of the menstrual cycle at the time of sample collection. LS extended to PSOS. A positive result for PCOS would indicate a ratio of 3 or more.
Testosterone levels should also be higher. Women with PCOS may also have abnormal levels of lipids and insulin. Testosterone is responsible for the abnormal growth of hair in PCOS. Ultrasounds also performed to confirm the diagnosis.
PCOS is associated with insulin resistance due to a defect in the normal insulin response. Studies show that insulin activity is reduced in adipose tissue and skeletal muscle. It is sure high levels of fatty acids to affect the liver, leading to glucose intolerance and insulin resistance.
It is believed that, in addition to polycystic ovaries. Men may experience similar symptoms. The women increased levels of steroid hormones, insulin resistance, abnormal hair growth, and acne, particularly those diagnosed with PCOS. Therefore it may be beneficial to examine insulin resistance in the male parents of women with PCOS.
Genetic and environmental influences appear to affect the prevalence of PCOS. Ecological problems such as obesity and sedentary lifestyles reversed, leading to improved insulin resistance. It can also reduce the likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus.
A PCOS diagnosis means that other possible conditions for life monitored, for example: heart disease, metabolic syndrome, infertility, cancer and problems during pregnancy. Type 2 diabetes mellitus is likely to develop, but in obese women, it may be less likely if they lose weight and maintain a healthy exercise program.
The PCOS Exercise Weight loss also improves the efficiency of the heart and thus reduces the chance of developing heart disease. Cancer may develop with PCOS. This is likely due to hormonal imbalance in polycystic ovaries.
Therefore it is essential to eat healthily and exercise regularly to reduce the risk of insulin resistance diseases. Regular health check-ups are also necessary to monitor your weight and detect symptoms before abnormal changes occur. Remember the abnormality is detected as possible, the likelihood of successful treatment much higher expected.